Ceramic tiles installation
The quality of ceramic tiles is constantly changing and that demands for a constant improvement of adhesives and joint mortars. Permanent research and development of production laboratories usually guarantees the highest quality for the highest demands.
A large number of flooring surfaces exist today, including stone materials, terracotta, clinker and natural stone as well as different glass materials. The market offer has becoming more diverse and ample.
When installing tiles in bathrooms it is advisable to use approved system solutions of renowned producers. Producers usually offer: levelling compounds, penetrating primers, products for hydro insulation, edge tapes, different adhesives for ceramics (depending on the type of ceramics, type of foundation, the existence of under floor heating, etc.), joint mortars in different colours and various silicones. There are sometimes products for flooring maintenance.
Here is a guide to a regular ceramics installation in a bathroom:
1. Uneven surfaces must be levelled first, using a levelling mortar.
2. Surfaces which are supposed to be covered in tiles should be coated with a penetrating primer, depending on the absorbency of underlay surfaces.
3. After that, hydro insulation is set in the form of a liquid film.
4. For elastic hydro insulation of wall, floor and corner joints use sealing tape.
5. Finally, for hydro insulation of surface use two layers of liquid film.
6. Coat the adhesive on a prepared surface and be careful to spread it equally using polishing tools.
7. Place the tiles onto the adhesive.
8. During installation it is important to pay attention to balanced optics of the space.
9. Coloured joint mortar should be placed using a rubber spatula diagonally into the joints.
10. Before the complete solidification takes place, wash the redundant mass using a tiles sponge.
11. Clean the surface with water.
12. Final and dilatation joints are filled with sanitary silicon which can be coloured.